Guar Gum: Advantages, Uses, and Types
Guar gum beans are cultivated all over the globe for usage in food, home products, and industrial and manufacturing processes. The great majority (more than 70%) of the world’s guar gum supply is thought to be used in the food business today.
Guar gum, regarded as a galactomannan, is made similarly to other natural seed gums by grinding legumes or grains’ endosperm (seeds). Although guar gum may not include many vital nutrients, its low-calorie and high-fibre content may make you feel fuller for longer after eating.
What Exactly Is Guar Gum?
Guar gum, sometimes referred to as guaran, is a thickening and stabilising galactomannan polysaccharide obtained from guar beans. Glucomannan is the primary prebiotics starch present in guar gum. It consists mostly of guar bean endosperm that has been pulverised. Guar seeds are dehusked, ground, and screened to make guar gum.
Guar Gum is obtained from the seeds of Guar plants’ beans, which are also known as Siam Beans and Cluster Beans. It may, for instance, thicken the consistency of cosmetic products, stabilise them, emulsify them, function as a suspending agent, and modify their textures by increasing their viscosity. NDA offers soft, delicate, off-white, water-soluble guar gum raw material.
Advantages of Guar Gum
Now that you understand guar gum, let’s discuss its advantages.
Helps Create Baked Goods Without Gluten
Most gluten-free recipes and baked products contain guar gum. It may replace wheat flour or other binding materials that give baked goods their bounce. It prevents water and air from separating gluten-free doughs.
Guar gum adds crispness, bounce, and resilience to gluten-free crusts, muffins, pizza dough, and bread without adding high-gluten wheat products, processed chemicals, or grain flour.
Prevents the Separation of Ingredients (Including Fats and Oils)
Guar gum is useful for thickening and preserving textural uniformity if you ever want to attempt making probiotic-rich homemade kefir or yoghurt.
The same applies to homemade ice cream, almond or coconut milk, and fruit sherbet. It helps keep heavier components, such as coconut cream or oil, evenly mixed with thinner ones, such as water.
Could Make You Feel Full
Guar’s high carbohydrate content makes it swell in the gut and makes you feel full. It’s used to bulk up recipes, fibre supplements, and laxatives.
Guar products (or similar fibre products manufactured from the guar bean) may promote satiety, reduce digestion, and lower cholesterol absorption and glycemic index. As a soluble dietary fibre, guar is partially hydrolysed guar gum (PHGG).
Guar gum improves intestinal viscosity, which slows glucose absorption and boosts bile production, making you feel full after eating.
May Facilitate Normalisation of Cholesterol and Slow Down Glucose Absorption
Guar gum may aid prediabetics, diabetics, high cholesterol, and heart disease patients.
Guar is a handy method for acquiring extra soluble fibre and lowering cholesterol. Studies show that glucomannan, a relative of guar gum, improves total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and body weight.
Water-soluble dietary fibres act similarly, including psyllium husk, chicory, and inulin. Guar gum slows stomach emptying and small intestine sugar absorption after meals.
Can Help Treat or Prevent Constipation
Guar aids in the formation of stool by retaining water in the intestines, making it a popular bulk-forming component in laxative supplements and drink formulae. This might encourage regular bowel motions and relieve constipation or diarrhoea symptoms.
More soluble fibre, such as guar, in your diet may help alleviate Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis, or irritable bowel syndrome symptoms; however, there haven’t been many studies to support this.
What Are Guar Gum’s Best Uses?
- Many businesses use guar gum because it forms hydrogen bonds with water molecules.
- Guar thickens, emulsifies, binds, and gels, benefiting numerous goods and vital industries.
- Guar gum may help adults and children with constipation.
- Guar gum in tube-feeding formulas may decrease diarrhoea in severely sick patients. Guar gum also shortens diarrhoea in children with recent or severe diarrhoea. Guar gum does not help cholera-afflicted adults.
- Guar gum reduces cholesterol. Guar gum and pectin lower total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol, but not HDL cholesterol or triglycerides.
- Every meal with guar gum may decrease high blood pressure. Guar gum has fewer effects than psyllium husk.
- hydrolysed guar gum may help IBS patients with stomach discomfort, bowel function, and quality of life.
- Oral guar gum consumption does not cause weight loss.
What Are the Various Types of Guar Gum?
The following are the types of guar gum:
Food-grade guar gum powder: Food, pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and other businesses all employ food-grade guar gum.
Guar gum powder of industrial grade: For application in sectors like paper, mining, explosives, oil drilling, etc.
The powder is most often used as a stabiliser and thickener. There are several kinds of guar gum powder. The gluten in the flour is largely responsible for the elasticity and texture of the bread. In place of conventional flour, vegetable gum may provide the same benefits as gluten. Chia seeds and psyllium husk are other substitutes for guar gum.
Guar gum is a useful venture. Its capacity to create strong hydrogen bonds in water makes it a novel thickener and stabiliser. Aqueous solutions containing guar gum have a high viscosity. These factors led to its application in various sectors, including the food, pharmaceutical, textile, and oil industries. The quantity included in processed meals may be a small concern.